The 35th Regiment of Foot, Light Infantry, acted as reconnaissance troops, scouts, skirmishers, and guerrillas.  They were the product of Britain's experience in woodland combat in North America.


The Light Infantry Company had its origins in the French and Indian War.  One of the most successful outfits in the British Army, the Light Infantry company was composed of the most agile and nimble soldiers in a regiment.  Their purpose was to engage in "unconventional" tactics, such as scouting, skirmishing, and operating independently of the main army.  

Battle Order Uniform & Kit
Shirt - white linen
Neckstock - black horsehair with brass buckles
Stockings - white thread
Half-Gaiters - black, painted, reaching mid-calf
Garters - black leather
Shoes - buckled, rough-side-out
Waistcoat - madder red wool with laced button-holes and slash pockets
Breeches - white wool
Coat - madder red, with tails 6" shorter than the usual pattern, orange facings, pewter buttons, shoulder wings, and regimental button-hole lace
Helmet - black leather cap with a standing front-plate, small visor, and chain rings about the crown
Forage cap - red wool with an orange band
Cartridge pouch - 29 hole black leather pouch with a black leather strap
Shoulder belt - black leather, converted from waistbelts, this carried the bayonet
Knapsack - canvas with goatskin fur covering
Haversack - carried rations, made from off-white linen
Long Land or Short Land Musket - steel ramrod, Dublin Castle
Hatchet - forged axe, issued 1 per five or six men
Canteen - kidney-style tin canteen suspended on a natural hemp rope
Hair - to be natural colored (if a wig or hair extension) and queued (braided) with the tail tucked up under the cap

Parade Dress Uniform
Gloves - white thread
Hair - to appear long, queued with a black ribbon, and "powdered" white (a wig).
All else the same as above, but without haversacks or haversacks.


Summer Order Uniform - (Effective July 1st - September 1st, 2012)
Round Hat - plain black with rectangular cockade, tuft of bearskin and white hat cord in lieu of cap
Hair
- clubbed as opposed to queued


The Light Infantry Company was a flank company like the Grenadiers and were also frequently brigaded together with the lights from other regiments.  The 35th's lights were part of the 1st Battalion of Light Infantry until the regiment was deployed to the West Indies under General Grant in 1778.

The 35th's portrayal is that of the New York/New Jersey campaign of the latter half of 1776.  As such, the Light Infantry Company would have not changed so dramatically as they would for the 1777 Philadelphia Campaign.

In the field, the light infantry almost always fight at open order or double-open order.  They operate in pairs of two and are critical for effectively screening a large column and operating in irregular terrain.  On top of all this, however, light infantry are fully capable of acting as regular line troops.

STATE of the LIGHT COMPANY of the 35th.
Boston Camp, June 30, 1775:
In the FIELD,  June 17.
1 Captain, 2 Lieutenants, 1Volunteer, 2 Serjeants, 1 Corporal, 1 Drummer, 30 Pivates.--Total 38.

Killed.
Lieutenant Bard, John Baxter, Alexander Douglas, Edward Driver, William Jones, Joseph Nicholls, Edward Odiam, David Sharp, Samuel Smallwood, John Size. Total 10.

Wounded.
Captain [Edward] Drewe, Lieut. Massey, Volunteer Madden [Howe's Staff], dead of his wounds; Serjeants--Knowles and Poulton, Corporal Nodder, Drummer Russ, Thomas Adams, dead of wounds; Richard Binch, dead of wounds; Peter Collier, Abraham Dukes, Richard Edny, dead of wounds; Timothy Henry, William James, Joseph Lucas, William Langsdale, dead of wounds; James Morgan, Thomas Payne, Daniel Parnell, James Preddy, John Roebuck, Henry Rollett, Robert Tomlin, Henry Townshend. Total 25.

Escaped unwounded.
Ralph Becket, John Henly, William Leary. Total 3.

RSR MSS 1/38 (pg 85)

(Special thanks to George Bailey, 35th Foot Project, for obtaining this information in England.)